The Inka Trail to Machu Picchu in Perú is part of an extensive Inca system of trails of more than 23,000 kilometers , that integrated the Tahuantinsuyo Empire “The Inka Country” (which means four regions), that covered many South American countries such as Colombia, the west of Brazil, Ecuador, Peru ,Bolivia, to the center of Chile and the north of Argentina. These trails tended to be principally on the coast or in the mountains but in a few cases they reached the tropical edge of the jungle at the Amazon Jungle.
Inka Trail Historical and Geographical Description
The Inka Trail is called in Quechua (the Inka Language) “Qhapaq Ñan” which refers to the network of trails were without a doubt is one of the marvels of Tahuantinsuyo. According to the Peruvian historian, José Antonio del Busto, who explains that the Inca “King” Huayna Capac most increased the network of trails in order to quickly mobilize his army.
The Inka Trail varied in quality and size, they could be 6 to 8 meters wide on the coast but, in the mountains the paving was only one meter wide but the path was audaciously steep and climbed over the difficult Andean mountains.
The Royal Inka Trail to Machu Picchu “The Famous Inka Trail” still existed and was re-discovered by Hiram Bingham when he realized his clearing work between 1913 and 1915. The Inka Trail was a route of pilgrimage to Machu Picchu used by the Inca (or Emperor/King) in the 15th century. There are different sites between Ollantaytambo Inca City and Machu Picchu Inca City where one can note the variety in architectural resources that give rationality, importance and mysticism to the Royal Road. It did not have a commercial use; there were other, more simple, trails to transport products, llamas and people to Machu Picchu. The purpose of the Inka Trail To Machupícchu was religious and ceremonial, a pilgrimage that included rituals to honour the mountains and peaks of the route, like Veronica Mts or Wakaywilka Mts.
You can discover by first hand this ancient road, in the next links you will find information about the Inka Trail tours to Machu Picchu.